Research Areas: Indian human microbiome; Plant, animal and bird genome sequencing; Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.

Major Achievements: Largest human gut microbiome from India, Largest scalp metegenome study in the world, Novel eukaryotic genome sequencing including Peacock, the National Bird of India; Banyan tree, the National tree of India; Tiger, the National Animal of India and many herbal plants of national importance. Machine learning and artificial intelligence-based methods for Biology Big Data.
Research highlights: Genome sequencing and comparative analysis of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus religiosa species reveal evolutionary mechanisms of longevity, iScience 2022
Research highlights: Western and non-western gut microbiomes reveal new roles of Prevotella in carbohydrate metabolism and mouth-gut axis, published in Nature Biofilms and Microbiomes journal, 2021
Research highlights: Genome sequencing of turmeric provides evolutionary insights into its medicinal properties, published in Nature Communications Biology, 2021